The Jama Masjid was commissioned in the period 1660-1661 by Abd-al-Nabi Khan, faujdar of Mathura under Aurangzeb. It was one of the earliest non-imperial structures erected during Aurangzeb’s reign.The ground which Abd-al-Nabi Khan selected as the site of his mosque was purchased from some butchas and the remainder, he obtained from a family of Kazis, whose descendants still occupy what is called Kusk Mahalla, one of the very few quarters of the city that are known by a Persian name. They continued to be regarded as zamindars of the township till the time of Jats. When Saijid Bakir, their head quarreled with the local governor and made over all his rights to Chaubes, and others.
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